It is a symbollic fish for freshwater anglers, with everyone from Bass Pro Shops to the Bassmasters using its name and image to promote themselves. It is a member of the black bass family and is cousins with the smallmouth bass, which is native to the Mississippi River, the Great Lakes and the Hudson Bay area. The largemouth bass is the state fish of five states: Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi and Tennessee.
While bass fishing is indeed a science and an art, it also is caught on a larger variety of lures than most other fish, including topwater poppers, spinners, plastic worms, crankbaits, jigs, flys... basically most lures you will find at a store. You can also catch them using live baits such as worms, leeches, grubs, grasshoppers, crawdads, minnows, shad, frogs, etc. Heck, I've even caught a bass or two on chicken liver while fishing for catfish. The point is that largemouth bass are not particularly picky eaters, and they rely heavily on their eyesight to decide what forage is safe to consume. They are very aggressive, and if anything swims into its area it will probably attack it. They do also rely on keen senses of smell, taste, hearing, touch and a sixth sense, their lateral line, which is a series of nerve endings that stretches from gill to tail.
One of the best ways to fish in heavy cover is to use a plastic worm in a Texas rig, which uses a worm weight and hides the tip of the hook in the body of the worm to prevent it from snagging or getting caught up in weeds. This is the preferred lure for many professional bass anglers, as it is incredibly versatile and can be used in all bodies of water and situations, although it is not the only style of rigging for worms. You can also use a wacky rig, which hooks through the middle of the worm, to effectively catch largemouths.
Click here to read our previous Species Feature, which focused on wipers.